Kooragang Coal Terminal

Kooragang Coal Terminal, located on 265 hectares of land on Kooragang Island, began operating in 1984 with an initial shiploading capacity of 15 Mtpa. “Kooragang” is an Aboriginal word meaning ‘place where birds gather’ (or alternately, ‘place of many birds’).

Originally managed by BHP, PWCS purchased the Kooragang facility in 1990. In the period from 1994-2011, PWCS has invested over two billion dollars to expand the capacity of the terminal. The shiploading capacity currently is 120 Mtpa.


All of the coal received at Kooragang Coal Terminal is delivered by rail into four rail receival facilities located on the northern edge of the terminal. A feature of the Kooragang shiploading system is the use of buffer bins, into which coal is diverted during hatch changes and other short term interruptions during loading. This permits operation of the rail mounted shiploaders at a peak rate of up to 10,500 tonnes per hour (‘tph’) for each shiploader.


Coal Receival

4 x 8,500 tph rail capacity

Coal Stockpiles

4 x 2.5 kilometres x 56 metres
4,200,000 tonnes max capacity
2,700,000 tonnes working capacity

Coal Stacking

6 x 8,500 tph stacking capacity

Coal Loading

4 x 9,300 tph reclaiming capacity
3 x 10,500 tph shiploading capacity
2.2 – 2.5 metres wide, 5.0 – 5.5 m/sec conveyor belts


Berth space for 5 vessels
16.5 metres depth at berth
15.2 metres approach to channel

Vessel Capacity

210,000 dwt max
300 metres max length
50 metres max beam
70,000 dwt min capacity